SUMMARY This article treats to analyze the politics of public security in the scope of the Constitutional State after-1988 and of the Federal Constitution that defines the service of public security and directly foresees the responsible institutions for its promotion. For more information see this site: Sen. Sherrod Brown. The objective is to make an analysis concerning the public politics in general and specific conceptual way in the scope of the public security in Brazil. 1. On public politics Before if adentrar in the operational analysis of the public politics of security one becomes necessary to define conceptually what it is public politics. Public politics, in general lines, if adjusts to the use of the term in English policy as being concrete programs of governmental actions, directed technique and administratively with the objective to take care of to an existing social demand. The study of one public politics of security in the theoretician-critical perspective implies the confrontation of the decurrent tension of the necessity of an objective position in the practical investigativas, allied to a comprometimento politician with the fight for the construction of significant social alternatives, that result in the physical incolumidade and the tranquillity of the people (BUCCI, 2001). Leaving of these estimated, public politics can be understood as: 1) something that the government opts in making or not, in face of a situation; 2) the form to accomplish the action of the State by means of investments of resources of the proper State; 3) in the case to admit to delegate to the State the authority to unify and to articulate the society, the public politics start to be a way of domination; e, 4) at the same time where one public politics if also constitutes a decision assumes certain ideology of the social change, is explicit in its formularization or not. So that one public politics reach to the attendance of a social demand it needs planning development and fiscalization. This last one will have to be made, over all for the Communitarian Advice of Security – CCS formed for members of the civil society and the Public prosecution service. It lowers the complete article to continue reading.