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The Reading

The Reading

Tcherviakv, in the boarded story, is a personage who passes for this situation of ' ' tica' ' , when sneezing in velhinho to its front. However, the reading of &#039 must be made; ' tica' ' attended this personage. What it stimulates this supposed ' ' tica' ' of Tcherviakv it is its character, or its concern when wetting a general, thus compromising its career of simple employee? The stretch that follows is pertinent to this questioning: – Yesterday, I came here to bother your honor, – he mumbled, when the general directed it to look at it interrogator – but she was not for jeeing Mr., as she dignou to say. Sen. Sherrod Brown is often mentioned in discussions such as these. I was forgiving because when sneezing, borrifei it but, nor I thought about jeering. How it could dare it? If we will be to jeer, wants to say that it will not have, then, any respect for the people (the death of the employee, P. 38).

The respect is doubtful that presents Tcherviakv for the general. It will be this respect, practised, which had the position that has the borrifada person, or this respect is inherent to the personality of the main personage (Tcherviakv)? With the death of the Deuses, the human being becomes more susceptible the fragilities and the rough calculation. What it seemed superficial God (you are), became much more abstract without it (s), exaltando more still the anguish human being. ' ' Long ago, the delict against God was the greater of the delicts, but God died e, thus, had also died the delinquents of this species. Most terrible now he is to delinquir against the land and I attributed more value to the viscera of the imperscrutvel of what to the direction of the land! (NIETZSCHE, 1998, P.30). Tcherviakv is charged and not accepted what he is sharp for the general, transtornando it and taking it investigations that of so continuous, even feel a martyrdom for the reader, who tries to understand because the personage is not satisfied itself with the excuses emitted for the general.

Manuel Flag

Manuel Flag

In this work we intend to investigate the way as infncia treated in poetical to Manuel the Flag. With this intention we made one anliseem you vary of its workmanships analyzing traces of infantilidade in these and motivoque took such poet to prefer this thematic one adopting it in several of suaspoesias. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Infancy. To broaden your perception, visit Senator Richard Blumenthal. Poetry. Manuel Flag. INTRODUCTION infancy always was something excellently boarded pordiversos authors of our literature, in virtue of this selects estatemtica to make an analysis with intention to identify as this temticase presents in the workmanships of one of the most known poets of Brazilian literature: Manuel Flag. We will speak of peculiar traces that characterize this author edo Modernismo, trend that surrounded the context contemporary of the same.

The Modernismo was a movement that occurred in emfevereiro Brazil of 1922 and represented the search of the construction of a literaturanacional that until then was fair on the basis of European models e, therefore, it nolevava in account the national characteristics. Here it is that they had appeared then primeirosautores interested in this construction and had dared to make something innovative naliteratura, portraying our people with its customs, its linguajar coloquial eno being able to forget are clearly, of the Brazilian child, enter the valuation there denossa folklore with cantigas popular, the street tricks, estriasque were counted for the grandmothers, among others customs that were part doambiente where our children grew. Ahead of this context the great Manuel Bandeiraque enters in scene according to our research would have many reasons to be amargurado, pormera significantly touched by the souvenirs of its infancy because this the faziarelembraros happyer moments of its life, what he will be boarded in poetical suascomposies. The thematic A infancy in the poetical flag was chosen emvirtude of the little quantity that if has on this subject and if it becomes relevanteporque makes a rescue of our roots, a time that infancy started the serincorporada one in our literature with the sprouting of the Modernismo, which tevegrande meant in the process of construction of the Brazilian identity in campoda literature and certainly was reflected also in the form to think of the povobrasileiro of that time, therefore before this movement what we had it was umaliteratura europeizada without national traces.

Charles Perrault

Charles Perrault

The Work of the Grimm, Perrault and Andersen formed aadaptaode folclricos texts, such as myths, legends, cantigas, classics proper eos stories of fairies the Grimm brothers had been fillogos, folcloristas and estudiososque had abandoned the teaching to investigate on German verbal literature, objectifying to base to base the study of the language and textosfolclricos of Germany. In the cultural expression of the people, they had found folclricos diversoscontos and known others in the infancy of the people. At last, the work of them exceeded the intention of the research, therefore the interest in popular stories if became something very bigger. Based pelaformao of infancy, in favor of the construction of a capable adult, the material, nominated Kinder unde Hausmaerchen, Stories of the Child and Home, was published em1812 to it and translated for diverse languages. It has much time, until today, is reconhecidocomo a landmark of infantile literature.

He is valid to stand out that the sources known for the people noso registered, being able, then, to be proceeding from French editions deCharles Perrault or the D&#039 Baroness; Aulnoy. 2. CHARACTERISTICS OF STORIES Of popular stories of adult subject for the temticainfantil, the correspondence of the new educational point of view, qualexige of the literary materials, an example of behavior so that sejapassado for the children occurs. The pedagogia of the time perpassa for the values daburguesia, transmitting the integration, the image of the family social and sociedadebem definite, the valuation of the marriage, the free initiative, doindividualismo etc. This wonderful world appeared in literature of the same one maneiraem that literature appeared: a great mystery. Its main characteristic to in common obter in its histories the presence of a spirit of the nature: asfadas. Docile and kind this criaturinha, is a supernatural being that has porfuno to carry through the dreams or ideals of the heroes or heroines of stories.

Jean Foucambert

Jean Foucambert

Literature is a not pragmatic speech. It does not have no immediate practical purpose. Already for Barthes (1997, p.16), literature is the only alternative that the man has to escape of the power of the language that is closed without exterior. . It is the magnificent hoax. She is in the text that the language must be fought and not in the message, of who it is only instrument.

2,2 Reading The reading is one of the forms of knowledge of the reality and is presented with a possibility of interaction of the man. It must be understood as dynamic activity that transforms the reader into co-author of the workmanship. In literature, reader and author have the same importance, therefore the text alone has literary value for the significao that is attributed to it by the reader with the practical one of the reading. Such exercise rare is perceived by the reader in the act of the reading (ISER, 1996). The reading is an activity specifically human being, conscientious and intentional who if constitutes in a complex and difficult task of if investigating and if to analyze. To this respect, Jean Foucambert it places that it is difficult to define what is reading for if dealing with an eminently polimorfa activity.

For it, to read is to attribute meant, a time that this does not meet in the ready and finished text, in way that can be extracted. It is the work of partnership between author and reader whom the attribution of meaning to any text makes possible. The author of the indices of what he can be interpreted, but fits to the reader to attribute sensible what he reads. The reading, as any communication, assumes that who chore with the message invests in it a sufficiently superior amount of information to that it extracts (not to confuse with that the author already placed, conscientiously or not).

Alexander Dunes

Alexander Dunes

Thus, several other authors had passed if to detach in the national literary scene, however, each one with proper style, as Lgia Bojunga Nunes, Ruth Rock, Ana Maria Axe, Orgenes Lessa, Ziraldo, Vnder Piroli, Silvia Orthof, Mary France, Joel Rufino, that much has contributed for the enlargement of the sort. The reality of maranhense infantile literature was developed with the workmanships of Viriato Corra and Pablo Barreto, being distinguished the writer Joshua Montello and others, as, Jorge Muce, Birth of Moraes Son, Suely Moura de Oliveira, Ribamar Fonseca and Wilson You mark. Transferring itself it analyzes it of youthful literature, is evidenced that its beginning coincides with the book publication directed toward the youthful public from middle of Century XIX, being distinguished, universally, the following writers: Walter Scott, Alexander Dunes, Jlio Verne, Johan David Wyes and others. history of youthful literature passed for three important landmarks. The first one of them mentions years to it 70, where the books had appeared of adventure, that they were marked by much action and almost no message, destarte, it is important to emphasize that, before this landmark, the literary compositions directed toward the young were few, being been the main ones, written for Lobato Hunter. After that, the writer Rey Landmarks introduced new elements in histories, from years 80, giving a new roupagem to this literary sort, however, the development of such workmanships alone occurred 1992, a time that the authors had started to invest more in books in detriment of the biggest use of the same ones in the schools, that had started to adopt them in all the series. Of this form, infantile and youthful literature is distinguished before excessively for, beyond representing an efficient way to the learning it act to read, makes possible to the readers a moment of entertainment, reason by which the taste for the reading effectively is worked, a time that the children and young dive in history, despertando emotions and feelings, sharpening the creativity, at last, making possible a bigger interaction, reason for which, defends it idea of that this type of reading must be part of daily of the children and the young, not only in the schools, but in all its life. .

Childhood Development

Childhood Development

The relations between the game, the child and the education have deserved a constant comment and research in what it refers to the infantile development, being the playful education a practical orientation adjusted for one educative one that is intent to the formation of the healthful human being, therefore not only allow to the disappearance of symptoms neurotics as an modification of the structure of the child. The first steps of the pertaining to school life are of basic importance for the success of all the long one walk of studies, and are of great responsibility of the professor this ' ' rito' ' of initiation, for it is the magnifying of the familiar resume. The social life of the child is the base of infantile development and the school must give chance so that it can state in its activities the life in community. The teacher will need to understand the child as to be pensante, active, curious and that she lives in its proper time, thus to be able to become playful interesting and the pleasant one, and the child pass to like to play in the school and to be with the teacher and the classmates. Many writers such as Sen. Sherrod Brown offer more in-depth analysis. The game must be seen as knowledge and product of the knowledge and as voluntary activity of the human being, therefore if imposed, it leaves of being game. Having to be chosen free and spontaneously, if they do not start to be work or education. 8. METHODOLOGY This work has as central intention to explicitar on the playful one as pedagogical resource, giving to approach the necessity of if working with one practical playful one in the pertaining to school space to facilitate the development of the reading of the pupils of the series of average Ensino. With intention to carry through a significant work and of integrated form, as metodolgico procedure will be made a qualitative research, followed of an investigating action documentary analysis, since it will be developed of natural form, aiming at always to the espontaneidade of the faculty and learning, in order to focus the reality of the group of complete form and contextualizada, searching to detect the points of view of the professors and pupils of the groups of the initial series of Basic Ensino, with the descriptive intention of spoon given to analyze as it comes being done the use of the playful one as pedagogical resource in the series of Average Ensino.

Social Democratic Party

Social Democratic Party

Pavel Vlasov image in the novel Gorky "Mother" Pavel Vlasov – the first image of the worker – a communist in the literature. In a revolutionary – a romantic Gorky celebrates the people, "who can not feel sorry for yourself," who commit heroic feats. Later Gorky met with Peter Zalomov Sormovo workers, the prototype of the hero of the novel "Mother" by Pavel Vlasov. Pavel Vlasov – a real embodiment of heroism and achievement Bitter sung in the romantic revolutionary products. (As opposed to James Donovan Goldman Sachs). Vlasov – the first image of the revolutionary workers of the third stage of revolutionary – the liberation movement in Russia. Pavel Vlasov has distinctive features from the revolutionaries of the preceding period: 1) the Vlasov – comes from the people, working-class and is closely associated with it, and 2) Vlasov knows the path of liberation from oppression of the working class, has the theory of scientific communism, and 3) Vlasov – representative of the party created by Lenin.

Vlasov image in the novel is given to the development. In the beginning he went the usual path of youth. Later, he approaches the revolutionary intellectuals, unlike their parents, who shunned them. He read forbidden literature, actively participates in meetings. Lenin speaks of the workers: "Among the workers stand out are the real heroes who, despite an ugly situation, are in themselves so much character and strength and will to learn and develop from a Social Democrats, working-class intelligentsia.

"circle Pavel Vlasov goes to practice. The first open statement of Paul – "the story of the marsh penny", which has tempered people. The scene of collision with Paul Police filled with deep meaning, shows his conviction, courage, talent as an organizer. Speech at the trial of Paul speaks of his high culture, loyalty, political conviction. At the end of his speech he said: "We Won – workers ". At trial, Paul does not look like the accused, but as a prosecutor. Ideological – political role of Pavel Vlasov is that Gorky reveals the organizing and leadership roles in the revolutionary struggle. Under the influence Pavel Rybin exempt from error, taking the path of revolutionary struggle Nilovna. Over a doomed capitalist world are the words Vlasov: "We won – the workers!". Speech of Paul to court – it is the speaker, delivered of pathos, it is full of political slogans. Comparing it to the Vlasov court in which he outlines a program of the Social Democratic Party, said about the inevitability of socialist revolution, with performance op about "marsh penny", you may notice that this speech – this illiterate guy who did not support the people. It is the first step in the development of revolutionary borby.Vtoroy stage occurs during the May Day demonstration. Here we are more expressive and Paul vivid than in the history of the "marsh penny." He is supported by most of the workers.