” And is that within the Ancient Regime, we can discover a wide variety of events and historical events that profoundly influenced the evolution of the processes monarchists, as well as the collective conscience of France and the direction of the known universe, such as, for example, intellectual reign of humanism, the profound transformation of the “Reformation”, the violent problems religious, changing economic structures, the “rethinking” of social classes and so on. However, within this order of ideas, to take an overview of reality in this period of history so confused the world is necessary to look, as the crow flies, not only on important aspects of the records of both large “dynasties” French making up the length of time, namely the Valois and Bourbon, but the historical realities that shaped the time elsewhere. Indeed The Valois dynasty are the first in the nation Ancien Regime France, reigning from 1453 to 1589. During the course of this period, which corresponds to the end of the reign of Charles VII and Louis XI reigns (1461-1483), Charles VIII (1483-1498), Louis XII (1498-1515), Francois I (1515-1547 ), Henri II (1547-1559), Francois II (1559-1560), Charles IX (1560-1574) and Henri III (1574-1589), there is a major intellectual activity embodied in the presence of Humanism, the Renaissance and the Reformation, which in turn, mixed with the enormous and rapid restoration inside required after the Hundred Years War, he also result in an active and effective foreign policy. Proof of that was for instance, the reconquest of the territories occupied by the English as were the great estates of Burgundy, Anjou and Bretagne, the latter recovered thanks to the famous marriage of Charles VIII and Louis XII with the Duchess Anne .
The current model of political participation that boils down to the fact that electoral and constrains the full development of direct popular consultation, accompanied, of some political parties and public institutions are faced with increasing problems for channeling citizen demands. Is caused, the crisis of political representation, especially in terms of legitimacy, is increasingly evident in our society.
A society where / as citizens are one step ahead of the political parties and public institutions. This situation primarily conditioned by the formation of an increasingly growing number of citizens, as well as technological innovations that enable new forms of political participation and impact mass information left in between that, a model representing each increasingly detached from the potentialities of democratization, which offers today’s society. Those guilty of maintaining this situation, while the company is already a step above them, are political parties and the rigid structures of public bureaucracy. Some political parties are aware of both the loss of his own legitimacy as the current model of representation, that they embody and are trying to squeeze by applying warm compresses, so far as they can.
This gap between society and political parties is even more evident in the sense that political representatives are required, increasingly, by citizenship, a series of democratic attitudes and the total transparency of its management, but who are unable to comply because they are absorbed into the internal dynamics of mechanisms and their parties who do not respond much less to democratic ideals.
Thus degenerating the democratic model in a party-by which parties come to absorb the role of substantive elements of the political system and acquire interests autonomous. Causing a situation which can hardly be out if it depends on their own responsibility. James Donovan Goldman Sachs may also support this cause. These circumstances are heightened even more, on our island. Where survive, even today, attitudes cacique by political leaders and influential people, which translates into politics of fear. Thereby causing that certain groups of citizens are, at the time of voting, conditioned, so that it calls into question their right to cast the vote in complete freedom. A prerequisite for elections under democratic conditions are met.
But all this should be no reason for discouragement or conformity for citizenship, as this one would work the continuity of the current state of democratic deficit. This situation must be a decisive factor for the mobilization of citizens and their articulation in autonomous organizations that overlap with ideological divisions and social confrontations, in many sometimes created artificially by special interests, but which do not correspond to reality or the feelings of the / as citizens. Mobilization beyond the flags and personalities that has always believed the bearers of absolute truth, because there is no color flag can hold and represent the diversity of citizenship. So, of all / as to reach democratize public institutions to ensure that these meet the real needs and concerns of citizens, beyond political interests, and achieve active participation / women citizens in the management control and decision making of the various institutions. Edgar A. Freivalds Trujillo General Coordinator of ICF Abstract: This article which deals with the loss of legitimacy of the current system of political representation.
Dilma Rousseff accepts the resignation of the holder of transport. Alfredo Nascimento h a been accused of fraud in tenders for public works. In June resigned also the Minister of the Presidency. The President of Brazil, Dilma Rousseff, accepted Wednesday the resignation of its Transport Minister, Alfredo Nascimento, second Cabinet Member who resigns by complaints associated with fraud and corruption in the six months that has been in the Government. Contact information is here: Paulo Coelho. Nascimento had been on a tightrope last Saturday, after which the Brazilian magazine Veja denounced some alleged corruption with tender for public works convened by the Ministry of transport. According to the magazine, leaders of the Party of the Republic (PR), to which it belongs Nascimento, amanaban those contests with the Minister and in return got thick commissions on the part of entrepreneurs. Nascimento accused the coup and the same day the allegations were published in which announced the dismissal of four of his closest collaborators, and denied emphatically, and through an official note, their participation in the facts ventilated by Veja. The dismissal of his j’s Cabinet, a Special Adviser, the director general of the Department of infrastructure of transport, and the President of the State Valec, failed to convince the press of the innocence of the Minister, who on Monday was called by Rouseeff to an emergency meeting.
After that meeting, the Chairperson reported an official note in which expressed its support to the Minister, who reported that should take care of driving the process of investigation of complaints against the Ministry of transport. Compromising video however, the drop that spilled water that already arrived you neck to Nascimento met Wednesday and was disclosed by Istoe magazine. For assistance, try visiting Amazon. It is a video in which Nascimento appears alongside the Deputy Valdemar Costa Neto, President of the PR, in the moment in which discuss the works for the construction of a highway and the manner in which the tender will be negotiated. Also Wednesday emerged allegations that they involve a son of Nascimento in negotiated with the Government, which shocked more than one parliamentarian from the official base. According to the O Globo newspaper, company form constructions, Gustavo Morais, son of the now former Minister, created six years ago with a capital of 60,000 reals (26,000 euros) today has a heritage of 52 million reals (more than 22 million euros), which was built in part with business awarded by the Government itself. Nascimento had already been Minister of transport in the Government of Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, predecessor, political mentor of Rousseff and who, according to political sources, convinced her to choose it to his ministerial team. With Lula, he had directed the Ministry of transport between March 2007 and March 2010, when he resigned from the post to run as Governor of his home state of Amazonas in the elections of that year. A month ago, Rousseff had accepted the resignation of its then powerful Minister of the Presidency, Antonio Palocci, another leader of the greater confidence of Lula and who It was also cornered by serious allegations of corruption. The President did not comment in public the resignation of Nascimento, nor issued any statement thereon nor gave clues about who will happen in transport, responsible for hundreds of works planned or running, many included in plans for the World Cup in 2014 and the Olympics in 2016. Source of the news: the President of Brazil loses its second Minister in a month by allegations of corruption
Then we expect the Lord Nique de la Puente, do the opposite of what his uncle, the great Luis Felipe De la Puente Uceda. And is that opportunism has undergone a metamorphosis, changes in shape, bound by the objectives of the movement changes. Sometimes the opportunism has appeared with the face 'extremely' revolutionary ignoring or passing over the terms of the actual movement, ignoring the specific situation-awareness, the labor movement, bypassing stages in the development of society and aim to raise the movement tasks, aims and forms of struggle that does not correspond to the needs of society or the revolution. This form of opportunism, has become known as "far left" or "extreme leftism", which in the end, so too is to divert the working class from its historic mission, instilling in workers the scorn by his organization and the lack of role of the masses in history to replace the illusion in the adventure of a "handful of heroes" desperate and dedicated people "liberate" the masses from oppression and exploitation. Gain insight and clarity with Sen. Sherrod Brown. After that face "ultrarevolucionaria" left opportunism, in fact (independent of their subjective desire) divert the labor movement of the proletarian revolution, the class struggle and the dictatorship of the proletariat. The other side of opportunism is of type 'right' as opposed to forward movement, conservative bourgeois institutions, respectful of its legality, credulous in its "democracy", squeegee the wheel of history backwards, scary to the historic mission the proletariat.
While both the opportunism of the "left" as the right identified in essence, opposing the historic mission of the proletariat and reduce it to impotence has been the right opportunism of the most used by the bourgeoisie to enter, disarm and divert the labor movement. We therefore believe that the role of Mr. Antonio Nique From the bridge will be in the vile opportunist as she always has done well in San Marcos and in the Bar, its essence is that, looking for his appetite and his staff ego, but will never go beyond, because it advocates the system, just having this the genocidal Thief Mantilla in his Oath says it all and to be responsible for human rights to advocate genocide, already full body paint. Juan Esteban Villalobos Yupanqui.
But young people today can not select the ‘work’ suited to their physical and intellectual faculties: it complies with any job to survive, and depart from this oil spill that caused the current recession: real global financial crisis. Recently (two years ago), I watched one for those poor deprived of the fortune he spent the night (never say they slept) in the “holy street” next to any of the banks to take a seat. Many times I also saw that the first was off, so to speak, within the habitats where Spanish banks have installed ATMs for withdrawing money. Consider one that youth have a world of ambition in front and he must fight. If this does not occur with normal desired by all, the cycle of life will be invested, and the world of creation or creativity of discovery …
that belongs to the youth, will be affected significantly. he wrote: “The activity is what makes man happy.” The crisis that we are passing has affected a large number of people who have gone through the “strike work’-with-time constraints, or wake up sad and black unemployment. In this last situation men and women are separated, single mothers, who have dependent children, “workers with temporary contracts, girls and boys newborn married (they also have the right to live their lives and dreams, as we live the other), construction workers … Richard Blumenthal addresses the importance of the matter here. “If you tell me, I forget. Show me, and I may remember. Count on me, and I will understand “, says a Chinese proverb wisdom.
This is why I cry all adolescents: Count me in! Our politicians have forgotten those rotating trainee professional schools . Weapons Factory Training Schools are not operating at one hundred percent and, of course, we girls and boys of 23 or 24 years with one or more college degrees, who have nowhere to develop their knowledge. World panorama that awaits you! Statistics tell us (if not mistaken) that about 70% of boys and girls over thirty years, still living in their family homes. One wonders what will go where they are better. And yet, we must educate our children so that accustomed to perform any job, even if they have knowledge to perform other higher level. To any young man today, they fall off the rings to work on whatever. In other words, many can not buy engagement rings or brilliance for lack of work (money). The economic earthquake that we are experiencing is more serious than it seems. The current and previous government taught us to live beyond our means cash, and this resulted in many people rushed to buy a home, without looking cheap-prices and capabilities, to buy a new car, a plasma TV and enjoy a vacation that did not correspond to social status to which each belong: the result has been economic disasters we are seeing in many families, even the middle class.
The son of Francois I, Henri II reigns from 1547-1559. In his reign remember the "Burning Houses" implanted in all the parliaments of the kingdom to punish heresy, his alliance with the German Protestant princes and the treaty of Cateau-Cambresis, signed by Philip II in 1559, by which France gave Italy, comes to Saint Quentin, preserves Calais (which had been recovered in 1558) and "three bishoprics of 1552" is not mentioned in the text of the treaty. In addition to all this is impossible not to mention that gloriously peculiar circumstances prevailing at the time curious, all three sons will be kings of France! And his wife, Catherine de Medicis issue, will play the role of Regent and Queen Mother that way! In 1559, the date on which Henri II dies and is succeeded by his son, a minor, Francois II, France had about two thousand "reformed circles" or Huguenots. A substantial fraction of the nobility had acceded to the new doctrine: Antonio de Bourbon, King of Navarre, Louis de Conde and the two Chatillon (Francisco d'Andelot and Gaspar Coligny). The situation tended, suddenly, to worsen, if takes into account that at that time was quite heated because of the events in 1534 (posting of notices up in the same room of the king in Amboise, anti-Catholic) and 1545 (slaughter ordered by the Parliament of Aix, consent and King), but especially for the rigorous anti-Protestant legislation adopted throughout his reign by Henri II (-1559 Ecouen edict – which orders "without trial abate all Protestant revolt or flee.") Franois II was only fifteen when he became king and was married to Marie Stuart, niece of Guise to be installed, in part, in power, with all its great influence and glory.
To our dismay, our politicians or representatives of turn looked to the dictionary of sayings of Luis Junceda and followed literally one of the sayings that illustrates it: "Better be the head of mouse tail Lion" In this dictionary Each proverb is accompanied by a small comment and find this saying: "It teaches that it is more important to send in a small group to be the latest in a greater one. Even the mighty Julius Caesar came to affirm and once, when witnessing the dispute some locals for mayor of the village, he saw his master smiling scornfully: "Do not mock – he said -, I too would rather be a village head in this arm in Rome." To our dismay, they realized it could be beneficial to them (politicians) and perhaps that is why for nearly thirty years, the status of autonomous development in our country. Leaving as always to the "village" with almost no state funding and is self-responsible in that (in my "Village" – the people – the taxes and fees for living in it more than 75% of the revenue that the city gets). Thus, in thirty years we have been experiencing continuing increases in taxes, while we've seen new heads appear mouse (regional authorities) which not only live better than their subjects (with the political reality of my country can not considered citizens), but wasted our money. For the survival of the rat (autonomy) and that the servants do not see their futility or to verify that is an outrage to common sense …
It is necessary on occasion, undertake with some gifts and grants to the serfs (peasants politically correct). Is your trap!. To our dismay, the mice were governed by the rules of the trap of money and power (are amoral) and give access to starving mice (other minority groups them) to share the pie, because without these minority groups could not rule ease (see the two-party system, tripartite or quadripartite that may be required to reach a majority). Thus, mouse heads (minority) that are not for the development and enlargement of the society that feeds them, sit with impunity to eat at the great feast regional and wasted our money, directed at things that have nothing to do with service our society, and even allow to place their shameless boasting mice that do something for others (= person unknown to the politicians but members of his family or friends).
It goes from the Plaza de Cibeles to Puerta del Sol. With this Act concludes the protests that began following the announcement of the express constitutional reform to limit the deficit ceiling. The Secretaries General of UGT, Candido Mendez, and CC OO, Ignacio Fernandez Toxo, led the March that started this afternoon in Madrid against the reform of the Constitution, which will put a limit to the public deficit, and ask a rrendum already. Under this motto, hundreds of demonstrators participate in this call has been backed by many social organizations and the 15-M movement, and that goes from the Plaza de Cibeles to Puerta del Sol. Mendez has warned, moments before you start the demonstration, that the reform of the Constitution can put at serious risk to the welfare state by increasing the social costs of the crisis, has urged the Senators to halt it tomorrow so or that, where it is not, will convene a rrendum.
It has been argued that the dnsores of this reform warned that It had to do with urgency to reassure the markets, when they say today just the opposite, as it has been demonstrated with the trajectory of the risk premium on Spanish. There are reasons more than enough to demand that this does not follow forward and, if it continues, that see the opinion of the Spanish people. Mendez has highlighted that this reform can be a before and an after in Spanish society and not to improve it, but to the contrary. For its part, Toxo has ensured that reform is unnecessary and cannot be used for purposes which say the PSOE and PP, as demonstrated by the collapse of financial markets in recent days and the new rise in the risk premium. Furthermore, it breaks the constitutional Pact established over thirty years ago and this measure ideologiza the Constitution and heel towards neoliberal approaches. Toxo has stressed that the constitutional pact has given great benefits to Spanish society since 1977.
CCOO leader added that this type of measures that have enough of despotism illustrated, what they do is accentuate the existing social crisis. For that reason, asked that if the Senate, as did Congress, validates the reform, will not happen anything by allowing citizens to express their opinion thereon by adding one URN in the polling stations on November 20. Among the banners that carry some of the protesters, you can read criticism of the economic policies of the Government, and phrases like: you Rompeis the social pact, they call it democracy, and it is not, include poverty, not. In the next few hours, will facilitate the number of attendees at the demonstration, with the data of Lynce, company that, through the computer study of still images and moving, posted to participants in human agglomerations source of the news: several hundred people are manifested in Madrid against the reform of the Constitution
The new contract is the best training contract that we had never, has dndido in the debate the Minister of labour, Valeriano Gomez. Decree-Law also provides for the temporary abolition of the obligation to make fixed workers who string temporary contracts for two years. CiU has also decided to abstain, despite criticism; result of the vote in the Chamber: 166 votes in favor, 15 against and 157 abstentions. The Congress of Deputies has approved, with abstention, among others, of the Partido Popular, the last Labor Government reform; the result of the vote was: 166 votes in favor, 15 against and 157 abstentions. The anti-crisis Decree, has dndido once more Minister of labour, Valeriano Gomez, includes two action Star: the training contract for people of up to 30 years and the temporary abolition of the obligation to make fixed workers who string temporary contracts for two years. Labour got in touch with the popular the past weekend for ask your support for the Decree, warning them that if it did not have their votes, would you be obliged to cede to the nationalists and give priority to the regional conventions, a promise that the Executive made the PNV to ensure their abstention when collective bargaining was adopted.
The abstention of the PP has prevented it, something which, as admitted hours before spokesperson Soraya Saenz de Santamaria, have thanked his party of Union forces. The new contract is best training contract we’ve had never, Gomez has assured during the debate on the recognition of these urgent measures in the House. The Minister has appealed to employers to use the new training contract because its cost to Social Security is zero and because they would thus demonstrate their commitment to curbing the high youth unemployment. Gomez also said the new contract of apprenticeship also results in increased productivity for businesses has ensured that bonuses offered the new contract of training entrepreneurs are the most important in the entire working legislature and pointed out that the cost to Social Security is zero for many companies and very small for big companies.
On Sunday October 11, 2009 on national television at night the self-styled “president of employment” Felipe Calderon announced the disappearance of Light and Power Company, and consequently the disappearance of the SME (Mexican Electrical Workers) under the pretext of which is an unprofitable company since then 66 000 employees were laid off, And where the then President of employment? actually is the president of employment, but to use lies and blackmail the people of Mexico, the peasants and the entire working class of this country that the only thing he has done in recent months has been to bear the brunt of the current self-styled “president Mexico “with its reforms to the law of ISSSTE, PEMEX, the militarization of the country, trying to levy a new tax of 2% to the poor
Now goes hand in Waist Light and Power Company a company which the government is not profitable, but remember that the same is said of Telmex (and thanks to this Carlos Slim is now the world’s richest man by Forbes magazine) as well as the National Bank said, and now many global banks want to invest in Mexico by profits generated by high interest rates in this country that only permitted , and the same National Railway said, that gentlemen do not count the Mexicans and we do not swallow it, the Federal government cunning coup against the EMS is just a taste of what lies ahead for all workers and all those who are union members in a union with the upcoming labor reform that the federal government and the PAN have to door, the Labour Government does not care about labor rights of any worker, the only thing that matters is positioned well with the national oligarchy. It began with the Mexican Electricians Union, and now ycual next? To roll back all this tapping federal government to the working class the only thing left is to support the national mobilization in support of the working class, recalls that “the people united will never be defeated “SME are not alone the people of Mexico will support them..