The anarchists, for its extremism and aggressiveness of its leaders, had finished for gaining more prominence in the medias and the forms of repression lead by the bourgeois classroom. The tactics for which the anarchists had been known were the direct action; they condemned any type of participation of the work force in the consisting governments and considered the general strikes as form of desestabilizar capitalist system e, at the same time, as form to incite the spirits of the laboring classroom. The idea of the direct action age to catch the bourgeois classroom of surprise, at a moment where its industrial activities were paralyzed by a general strike. In 1890 it is created by a group of socialist the first Laboring Party of Brazil. This party carries through two congresses, the first one in 1892 and as in 1902.
At this moment the working-class movement in Brazil takes as vindicative guideline general flags not only of the Working-class movement but of all Brazilian Diligent Classroom: direct elections with universal suffrage, institution of the minimum wage, prohibition of the infantile work and hours of working of eight hours. In 1890 Brazil was an agricultural country still, the laboring classroom only started if to consolidate in the following decade. What we had of concrete in the working-class movement was the start of the implantation of the ideologies of the European left in the rising Brazilian unionism. With industrialization from the following decade, the work force of the country grows and structure its organizations. The textile sector age what possua more diligent: in the year of 1900, 4579 workers in this sector in 1905, 6298; in 1911, 13396; in 1915, 17978. Of 15 the 20 of April of 1906 are carried through in the city of Rio De Janeiro the first Brazilian Laboring Congress. This congress counted on the presence of 37 laboring organizations, had been approved in it teses of character anarco syndicalistic as: the performance of the syndical movement for the direct action without practical mediating, strikes generalities as main bargaining power of the laboring classroom.