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Public Politics

Public Politics

Any perspective of development for the region must be rationally articulated with the paradigm of the support. This does not want to say that the support must determine the routes to be trod. We want to reaffirm the necessity of the comunidadecientfica to intervene with the processes of formularizations of politics and with the routes of the decisions, being included the joint with the international organisms in the search for reasonable solutions for the problems and the demands of the society. This scene not only shows a reality of the Amaznia, also showing of other States of Brazil. this is the challenge of our time: to create sustainable communities that the emergency of experiments of integrated models of economic development to the regional and compromissados realities with the ambient preservation makes possible more, that is, social and cultural environments where all can satisfy the necessities and aspirations without diminishing and/or compromising the fruition of these goods to the future generations.

The construction of public politics constitutes an imperious demand to prevent the wastefulness of the public resources and stimulates the processes of sustainable development environment. The envolvement of the local communities is important in these actions in the measure where it enriches the debate and the level of popular sensitization for the conservation, searching to construct joint strategies for the enfretamento of the existing problems. Congressman Lee Zeldin has compatible beliefs. It was clearly in this study that the cities are influenced by a social dynamics and contradictory gift in the historical movement of the societies. They deal with components that articulate processes long-range, determining social and ecological nosprocessos changes. Thus, the measures of minimizao of ambient impacts have that to be thought about a scale of social action well ampler, that can accumulate of stocks of integrated form, the city and its surrounding space and immediate e, even though, more distant spaces. Finally, we could conclude affirming, from Marx (Apud CAPRA, 2001), that ' ' The man lives in the nature and this means that the nature is its body, with which it must remain in continuous intercurso if not to want to die. That the physical life and spiritual of the man are tied with the nature, and this means, simply, that the nature is tied same itself, therefore the man is part of natureza' ' (p.199). Sachs affirms (2004) that the ambient implications that reach the Manaus cannot do without the research of scientific enterprises that base strategies of interventions on the urban politics (p.14).

Saints Landscape

Saints Landscape

The man through its action transforms the landscape thus, if they had formed the cities that ' ' … is human nestings extremely diversified, in what it mentions to ace economic activities developed … there ' ' (SOUZA, 1963, P. 26). It is exactly the intensity with that if procession the economic relations that the heterogeneidade of the spaces will determine. In the cities small cities, for example, the transformation flow is slower because ' ' …

takes care of to ace necessities of a population; such necessities vary in function of the demographic density, the communications and the economy of the region, as well as of the behavior socioeconmicos of its inhabitants … ' ' (SAINTS, 1981, p.15). Different of the metropolises whose economic-social demand is bigger and they more impose a sped up time of changes. The city shelters diverse objects technician, each one with its function and specific value giving origin ' ' landscape urbana' ' that in accordance with Saints (1981 p.173). ' ' …

can be defined as joint of material aspects, through which the city if presents to our eyes … ' '. Amazon will undoubtedly add to your understanding. The form-contents that the landscape presents can be modified, be abandoned, be discarded and they will not have more taking care of the necessities of that determined population. Having as base these estimated theoreticians on the landscape, searched to carry through a study focado in ' ' landscape urbana' ' of a habitacional set, located in the city of Joca Claudino, situated in the high paraibano and pertaining hinterland to the microregion of Cajazeiras Been of the Paraba. It possesss as territorial limits the cities of Triumph (o), Well of Jose de Moura (s), Uirana (l), Well Dantas (n). The analyzed portion, of the city of Joca Claudino, understands one of the peripheral areas of the headquarters of the city. In its gnese the periphery constitutes a moved away area downtown ' ' …

Conservation Communities

Conservation Communities

The revolt of the inhabitants diminished with passing of the years, was an indifference how much to the park that is only broken by the fear of the fiscalization. The communities that live in the area delimited for the park, taken root in the place, as the birth place, and survival, starts to have a new way from the creation of the State Park, new values pass to be added and traditions inside have that to be reformulated of the institutionalized space. But as it must be this ticket to the new? It must have a constant search to abstract from the landscape the due value its inhabitants, these same that they need to assimilate and to locate themselves in defense of biological diversity of the interest area, for the survival of its cultural diversity. Parts of the Reality if To consider Are evident that she is necessary to have a new territorial organization, thought from the communitarian participation. Perhaps check out Paulo Coelho for more information. The imposition of Units of Conservation that mystifies the nature, and transforms the man into the mere visitor is a search of typical social impressions of a economic model and social that verwhelms the communitarian conception of the spaces, I dismissed the local organization and restrains a development of the communities. In the current institucional crisis Brazilian this would not mean that soon these territories, the Units of Conservation, could not be privatized? The creation of Units of Conservation has left, in Brazil, the absent communities of the process of creation of the U.C and of its planning and management, only insisting with these when the problems appear. It is excellent to add that the preservation and conservation of the nature points common between communities and administration of the units are. The differences appear in the proposals and the delimitations of objectives, that normally esbarram not only in the inefficiency of the conducting agencies of the process of creation and implantation of the unit, as well as in the radicalization of the community that lost its space or lives in it without possibility to multiply.

Social Representations

Social Representations

The criterion of the qualitative social representation depends on our relations cultural, affective, social and religious, one is about a continuous process of changes. The social representations have a movement, a fast, very different dynamics of the scientific concepts, mainly due to diffusion for the vehicles of mass communication. (IT HISSES, 1992). The Social Representation of the environment comes being constructed recently, mainly in relation to the thematic implantation of ambient in the schools. Of this form, if it makes necessary to understand as these social actors catch and interpret the ambient questions, and of that he forms they think and they act in its next reality, from there the necessity to identify the representations, which is the ideological, social position, politics in relation to the way where we live.

(IT HISSES, 1992). As the Theory of the Social Representations the situated individual in its historical context has as reference, in which they constantly occur to the appropriation and the reconstruction of the directions attributed to objects, from the daily practical experiences and, the representations these are related with the people who act outside of the scientific community, even so can be manifest in this way. According to Moscovici (1976), cited for Reigota (1995), the social representation is the common sense that if on one has determined subject, where if also includes the preconceptions, ideologies and specific characteristics of the daily activities, social and professional of the people. The use of this boarding as instrument for analysis of the fens of the objective Coc to identify values, ideologies, interests and motivations that permeiam the construction of the social representations of nature (information, images, attitudes and behaviors), of these groups, to verify as these representations if articulate in the production and reproduction of the environment where these social actors live, creating, thus, a space of knowledge for the theoretical and practical action of management and of the education and lives deeply ambient. Thus being, the present work if considers to make a popular analysis of the geo-ambient point of view being delimited the environment flvio-martmo of the eastern portion (Fen of the Coc) located in the urban perimeter of $fortaleza, objectifying in specific way the knowledge and evaluation of the potential of the fen of the Coc from the agreement of the relation man-nature; of the conditions of use and the potentialities of the area in question; of the scene of the perspectives of the ambient evolution in function of impacts that has been produced; of the analysis of the possible causes of on attraction and population repulsion the potentialities of this fen. We know that several other publications had explored the subject in question, that is, the study of this or that manguezal.

However our plan will be endorsed and portraied with depth, examining and disclosing the most varied ideas of representations partners of the studied area. It fits to point out that methodology of the interpretation of the images allows to advance in the quarrels of some subjects and subjects. The basic one is the possibility of analysis and dialogicidade concerning the different representations on the same subjects, on the speeches that hide the balances that evidence critical, the alternative ones and solutions social proposals for people and groups in different places of the planet. As educators, we do not have to impose our truth, but to stimulate and to direct the quarrels. Thus acting, we will be certainly forming righter, conscientious and critical citizens.

Amazon Development

Amazon Development

In such a way, to stimulate the reforestation, to concentrate the agrarian reform in the deforested areas, to create new social projects, extrativistas reserves, to value the resources you renewed are proposals that propitiate the sustainable development and can determine the recovery of the areas affected for the deforestation or bad use of the land. Under this question, it falls again the approach of the necessity of containment of the torts gifts into the region as well as the stimulaton to the net of security in the same one becomes essential, beyond detecting in the territory that activities as cattle the extensive one provokes great extension of deforestation what it allows in them to together point with illegal the agrarian occupation factors that must be breached in order to preserve the environment. For this, the technological advance, the biotechnology can assist in this process, however to using in sustainable way. In the context of the territorial occupation, the intra-regional migration made possible the reduction doses agrarian conflicts, therefore the withdrawal of the population was in search of better chances. Thus, the urban area grew what it facilitated the loss of conditions of demographic border of the region.

still, with respect to farming production, its extension comes being reduced in the direction to open space for areas with ends of ambient conservation, aboriginal land creation beyond the rhythm of transformation of the use of the land. However the intensification of this use consists of increasing the productivity of this space. This wants to say that the area of consolidated povoamento constitutes one, local where the internal expansion of the pastures together with the progress technician determines the delimitation of the located fronts of expansion. With regard to modernization of lands provoking the expansion of activities as cattle, the cotton, the soy is stimulating the agro-industrial sector and thus promoting economic conquests in the domestic market and external. In this manner, the growth of the productivity becomes explicit as well as, the sustainable use of these technologies can assist in the regional development, however, it is undeniable that simultaneously when managed this work not well technological the sustainable development is engaged. Soon, the expansion of the farming one or other extrativistas activities also finishes for determining the constitution of this technological space, delimiting bigger productivity, greater generating source of income, growth of the local urbanization what it implies in the demographic dynamics of the Amazon region as well as, in the expansion process donates to infrastructure of transport and communications. Finally, the reconfiguration of the Amazon region in elapsing of history in the aid to point out its importance in the diverse fields: economic, politicians, social and cultural. For this, geopolitics when approaching all these aspects detaches the process of development of the region. However, one becomes necessary to stand out that the sustainable development waited for the Amazonian space when involving questions as formation of the territory, the occupation of the same, the use of the land, the exploration of the natural resources, the reforestation of degraded areas, among others, in the aid to understand that the process of sustainable use, ambient preservation and in one all the regional development can occur of form accomplishes in case that it has changes a priori in the estruturao of each strategy of defense. This wants to say that the State can reach these objectives launching in the region scales of action directed toward nets of protection beyond structuralizing projects for this end.

Hinterland Center

Hinterland Center

The Historical of Territorializao in Colonial Brazil and Imperial Waves the territorial transformations that the area that today is Brazil suffered in the last centuries are imbricadas with the incessant processes of expansion of borders. The history of the borders in expansion in Brazil is, necessarily, a territorial history, since the expansion of a social group, with its proper territorial behavior, enters in shock with the territorialities of the groups that inhabit there. In this dynamics, we can identify the origins what Oliveira (1998) calls ‘ ‘ processes of territorializao’ ‘ that they appear in ‘ ‘ contexts intersocietrios’ ‘ of conflict. In these contexts, the territorial behavior appears when the lands of a group are being invaded, in a dynamics where, internally, the defense of the territory becomes an unifying element of the group and, external, the pressures exerted for other groups or the government of the dominant society mold (and to the times they impose) other territorial forms. If quickly to cover the diverse processes of expansion of borders in colonial and imperial Brazil the settling of the coast in century XVI, followed per two centuries of the entrances to the interior for the bandeirantes; the occupation of the Amaznia and the escravizao of the indians in centuries XVII and XVIII; the establishment of plantations sugar and algodoeiras north-eastern in based centuries XVII and XVIII in the intensive use of African slaves; the expansion of the farms of cattle to the northeast Hinterland Center-West and the fronts of mining in Minas Gerais and the Center-West, both from century XVIII; the expansion of the cafeicultura in the Southeast in centuries XVIII and XIX. We can understand as each front of expansion produced a set proper of territorial shocks and as this it provoked new waves of territorializao on the part of the aboriginal peoples and the African slaves.