(Amended by Act legislative number 2 of 2000) ARTICLE 53. The Congress issued the status of the work. The relevant law shall take into account at least the following basic minimum principles: equal opportunities for workers; minimum remuneration vital and mobile, proportional to the quantity and quality of work; stability in employment; inalienability to minimum benefits set out in labour standards; powers to compromise and reconcile rights uncertain and disputed; situation more favourable to the worker in case of doubt in the application and interpretation of the formal sources of law; primacy of the reality about formalities established by the subjects of labour relations; guarantee to social security, the training, the training and the necessary rest; special protection to women, maternity and underage workers. The State guarantees the right to timely payment and the periodic readjustment of legal pensions. Duly ratified international labour conventions are part of domestic legislation. The law, contracts, agreements and labour agreements, may not undermine freedom, human dignity or rights of workers. ARTICLE 54. It is obligation of the State and employers to offer training and professional and technical empowerment to those who require it.
The State should lead the labor placement of persons in age of work and to ensure disabled people the right to a job commensurate with their health conditions. ARTICLE 55. The right to collective bargaining is guaranteed to regulate labour relations, with the exceptions that points to the law. It is the duty of the State to promote concertation and other means for the peaceful settlement of collective labour disputes. ARTICLE 56.
It guarantees the right to strike except in essential public services defined by the legislator. The law shall regulate this right. A Standing Committee comprising the Government, employers and workers representatives, it will promote sound labour relations, contribute to the settlement of collective labour disputes and coordinate wage and labour policies.