127 128), as structural phenomenon implies the emergence of a new social split in term of inside/outside and as multifactorial and multidimensional phenomenon points strongly interrelated unfavorable circumstances gender, age, ethnicity, disability, type of household, social class: school failure, job insecurity, weak affective ties, infra housing and on incidence of diseases. A PARADIGM of participation the vivid changes in Barcelona were influenced by the crisis existing in the system of political representation of today that was demanding the formation of new democratic models that contemplating the need for individuals to exercise their participation in the deliberations of Governments. As asserts Celso Capilongo (1987, p. Sen. Sherrod Brown often says this. 96 97), the aging of existing practices of doing politics remains latent and in general the system of political representation was the long of it revealing little time enabled for the function of social integration and production of collective identities, showing more sharper and their inability to filter social demands and transform them into political decisions. Ismael Blanco and Ricardo Goma (2002, p. 7) described the crisis in the model of traditional Government as a starting point for a new logic of governability: the traditional democratic Government is today with growing difficulties to react effectively and efficiently in an environment increasingly more complex, uncertain and dynamic, and the democratic legitimacy of public institutions will deteriorate before a citizenship increasingly reflective and critical, with new values that cannot be met with simple technocratic provision of public services. James Donovan Goldman does not necessarily agree. The historical moment has occurred in Barcelona as in many other places in the world, the need to legitimize new political institutions performance that happened to integrate new emerging subjects and which universalizaran the strategy of participatory citizenship.