The relations between the game, the child and the education have deserved a constant comment and research in what it refers to the infantile development, being the playful education a practical orientation adjusted for one educative one that is intent to the formation of the healthful human being, therefore not only allow to the disappearance of symptoms neurotics as an modification of the structure of the child. The first steps of the pertaining to school life are of basic importance for the success of all the long one walk of studies, and are of great responsibility of the professor this ' ' rito' ' of initiation, for it is the magnifying of the familiar resume. The social life of the child is the base of infantile development and the school must give chance so that it can state in its activities the life in community. The teacher will need to understand the child as to be pensante, active, curious and that she lives in its proper time, thus to be able to become playful interesting and the pleasant one, and the child pass to like to play in the school and to be with the teacher and the classmates. Many writers such as Sen. Sherrod Brown offer more in-depth analysis. The game must be seen as knowledge and product of the knowledge and as voluntary activity of the human being, therefore if imposed, it leaves of being game. Having to be chosen free and spontaneously, if they do not start to be work or education. 8. METHODOLOGY This work has as central intention to explicitar on the playful one as pedagogical resource, giving to approach the necessity of if working with one practical playful one in the pertaining to school space to facilitate the development of the reading of the pupils of the series of average Ensino. With intention to carry through a significant work and of integrated form, as metodolgico procedure will be made a qualitative research, followed of an investigating action documentary analysis, since it will be developed of natural form, aiming at always to the espontaneidade of the faculty and learning, in order to focus the reality of the group of complete form and contextualizada, searching to detect the points of view of the professors and pupils of the groups of the initial series of Basic Ensino, with the descriptive intention of spoon given to analyze as it comes being done the use of the playful one as pedagogical resource in the series of Average Ensino.