Through this mapping, it was possible to detect that many entrepreneurs still disregard the federal legislation. In accordance with the Brazilian legislation (Brazilian Legislation of the Environment, 2005) it is of entire responsibility of the manufacturer the discarding of correct form of the residues proceeding from any type of production or service. It was verified at a first moment that Ja: it is a great caladista industrial polar region having average of 127 industries with an approach production of 2.000 pairs of footwear to the day. These companies monthly use in its productive process average of 2,5 tons of leather and this total, great parcel if she transforms into residues. On the basis of the research and through the statistical data confirmed that the production of 343 a thousand tons of leather residues exists approximately monthly. Of this total sum of leather residues 42% were evidenced that 57% go for it fill with earth bathroom, the entrepreneurs do not know for where they go finally and, 1% of these residues go for unknown places of the proper entrepreneurs. For the alternative of reaproveitamento of the residues as form of confection of bricks, it was verified that this alternative would have a well significant advantage, since, a good parcel of the residues would be reaproveitados.
However, it would be necessary to export the produced sum of bricks to other cities, therefore, more bricks of what the demand of the city of Ja would be produced. In the second alternative for the reaproveitamento of the residues as form of briquet confection, it was evidenced that using the percentage of 100% of leather in its confection more than 90% of the residues they would be reaproveitados, thus attenuating the ambient problem in the city of Ja. However, for the implementation of the plant of briquetagem in the city one high cost of more than 700 Real million would be necessary. To obtain itself to have an efficient return of this investment, the sales of all would be necessary the briquets produced for one high monetary value. In third and it finishes alternative for the reaproveitamento of the used leather residues as artesanato form, was verified that an excellent advantage on the part of this alternative would be its social part, therefore, would be contributing it welfare of the filantrpicas entities of the city. However in against departure to this advantage, it was evidenced that only the bigger residues of size (those with less cuts) would serve for this alternative. Therefore, to attenuate the inadequate ousting of the residues of the caladistas companies in the city of Ja one strong campaign for the reaproveitamento of leather the deriving residues of its production is necessary. As a great accumulation of of these residues monthly exists, the use of the 3 alternatives in set is necessary, that is, as great accumulation of residues exists, an only alternative would be total impracticable for the reaproveitamento of these residues