African National Congress
Fight antiapartheid: the process (reverse speed) volucionrio. The period of the Apartheid comes folloied of the fight anti-racist in the South Africa. In 1912 the CNA- is established African National Congress, that was the first one organization politics of the blacks in the country. This age formed initially for egresses of the schools kept for European missionaries and its first leaders they believed the possibility of quarrel with the Africnderes on the segregation laws. In 1940, the CNA adopted then a strategy of not violent resistance and in the period of social World War II they had had some mobilization and strikes that desestabilizavam the order of the system politician tax for the Africner.
In 1952, Ghandi influences a campaign of civil disobedience, that has great adhesion and is restrained violently. In 1955, the racist front if extends with the Letter of the Freedom, revolutionary document importantssimo, also made with the participation of Indians, mulatos, liberal and socialist, marked a new phase in the movement of resistance and emancipation of the blacks, Asians and mestizos. This document denounced the Apartheid radically and aimed at its abolition and redistribution of wealth. It appears after strikes a more radical sector, inside of the CNA, led for Mandela and Tambo. In 1958, is created the CPA? Congress Pan-African, that was sectors of the CNA that did not agree to the multiracial politics of the movement and in the following year it breaches with the CNA. Both, the CAP and CNA, had organized national campaigns antipasses and the two organizations, with the communist party had together been ranks in the illegality. CNA created then ' ' mk' ' the CAP, ' ' poqo' ' , armed arms for the movement. Some years later, Mandela and other leaders had been imprisoned and Oliver Tambo assumed the command of the fight of the exile. The conscription of the people and the magnifying of the guerrilla were hindered for the repression and lack of support of the neighboring countries that lived under the domain of the allies of the Africaners.